Drug allergies are one of the most dangerous kinds of allergy especially for medications which are directly introduced to the blood stream because they can cause severe allergic reactions which can result to death. Drugs which contain sulfonamide are some of the drugs with a high incidence of allergic reactions. According to statistics, the incidence rate of sulfa drug allergy is 3% which is the same as that of penicillin. It is therefore important for doctors, nurses and the patients themselves to take note of the signs and symptoms of sulfa drug allergies. One the health problems to watch out for is sulfa drug allergies with fever.
Sulfa drugs are mostly antibacterial drugs that contain sulfonamide. Examples of these are short-acting sulfa drugs such as sulfamethoxazole and sulfadiazine. Long-acting sulfa drugs include sulfadoxine and sulfacetamide. Aside from its antimicrobial functions, sulfa drugs can also function as diuretics. The sulfa moiety is present in thiazide diuretics such as metolazone and indapamide. In addition, some drugs which contain sulfonamide are also used as anticonvulsants, dermatologicals and opthalmologicals.
Examples of drugs anticonvulsants are Sultiame and Zoniamide while the drug Mafenide is an example of dermatologicals. It is necessary for doctors and nurses to be familiar with drugs which contain sulfonamides because allergic reactions to sulfa drugs can lead to death. There are other signs and symptoms of sulfa drugs allergy. Mild reactions include the development of allergic skin rash and hives, increased sensitivity to sunlight and urinary tract disorders. Severe allergic reactions symptoms to sulfa drugs include toxic epidermal necrolysis, fulminant hepatic necrosis, kidney failure, hemolytic anemia, liver injury, asthma, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and thrombocytopenia.
Since fever is one of the most common signs of many diseases, it is very important to identify whether the fever a patient is experiencing is related to sulfa drug allergies fever. If you have a history of sulfa drugs allergy and you started to have fever after taking a drug, it will be better to go to the doctor and have yourself checked. You might be having sulfa drug allergies fever because you unknowingly took a medication with sulfa additives. Those who have experienced this fever because of sulfa drugs reported that they had the fever for seven days. Others reported that their temperature shoot up to as high as 1040 two hours after taking sulfa drugs.
Many people who are allergic to sulfa drugs often manifest different signs and symptoms after taking sulfa drugs depending on how sensitive they are to the drug and the amount of sulfa drugs they have taken. Regardless of the situation, whether or not you experience mild or severe allergic reactions to sulfa drugs, it would be better to be aware of the common signs and symptoms that you usually experience whenever you are having an allergy attack. This is important because as mentioned above, sulfa drugs allergy can lead to death and other chronic diseases. Knowing how to differentiate sulfa drug allergies with fever from common fever is a part of the preventive measures one should take when they have sulfa drug allergy.
- Diovan and Sulfa Allergies
- Understanding And Living With A Sulfa Drug Allergy
- Learning About Sulfa Drugs’ History
- A List Of Sulfa Drugs You Should Know About